The Mystery of Sedona’s Red Rocks

Cathedral Rock, Sedona

Cathedral Rock, Sedona

Just got back from majestic Sedona, Arizona, where my family and I spent Thanksgiving. Sedona is a  charming and crazy amalgam of spectacular geology, amazing Fall foliage, exciting restaurants, and an eclectic mix of new age shops and centers. Believers of aura photos, energy vortices, and natural healing flock from all over the country to the countless psychic and supernatural shops in this beautiful town. Sedona may be infamous for its fortunetellers but deservedly famous for its amazing rock formations, which provided the backdrop for many Western movies, with stars from John Wayne to Clark Gable filming there.

Sedona’s rocks are also exciting for anyone interested in Earth’s past as they provide spectacular and rare insights into the Permian period (299 to 251 million years ago) when the Pangea supercontinent converged. At the time of Pangea, all continents on Earth joined together: one could have walked from the Northern American plate to the Australian, African, or even to the Antarctic plates.

Sedona and the soft rocks of the Supai Formation (red), below the young Coconino sandstone. Daniel Apai.

Sedona and the soft rocks of the Supai Formation (red), below the young Coconino sandstone. Daniel Apai.

Today, the rock formations cut across about 2,000 feet of Permian deposits: they consist of beautifully exposed wind-deposited (eolian) and coastal deposits. The amazing dark red rock layers that surround Sedona are part of the Supai Group: these interbedded layers have been deposited in the early Permian, when the Colorado plateau has been partly covered by an inland sea and a large desert. The inland sea has extended and receded many times during the early Permian; every time it receded the desert expanded and giant sand dunes covered the region that once was occupied by the sea. The shallow sea and the dunes left deposits that are different in color and deposit grain size; these layers of alternating colors make up the Supai group (seen as the mostly reddish, layered rocks in the photos). On top of the Supai group is the whitish/grayish Coconino Formation – a  younger, thick sandstone layer, deposited in the mid-Permian, in giant wind-blown dune fields (such locations are also known as erg, Arabic for sea of sand).

The soft red sandstone Supai group is easily sculpted by wind and rain erosion; harder sections of the Coconino formation on top of the red sandstone can protect somewhat the underlying the softer rocks, leading to the characteristic columns and spires typical to Sedona.

Although I have been to Sedona many times in the past, I somehow missed the Slide Rock State Park. This is a great location where flash floods have cut across the soft Supai sandstone and the creek now hosts a fast stream with beautiful pools — in the summer crowded with bathing families, but pleasantly serene in the Fall.

Ancient coastal and wind deposits surround Sedona.

Ancient coastal and wind deposits surround Sedona.

I may have missed the opportunity to have my aura photograph taken or to learn about my future from a Sedona fortuneteller, I can certainly understand the sense of magic this spectacular and serene scenery invokes in visitor – although for me, the true magic is not the mist in the crystal ball but knowing a bit about the incredible and distant past these majestic rock formation witnessed.

Sources:

[1] A Guide to the Geology of the Sedona and Oak Creek Area

[2] Ancient Landscapes of the Colorado Plateau

 

4 thoughts on “The Mystery of Sedona’s Red Rocks

  1. tonyon

    …interstellar travel constant acceleration (Sun-Deneb: 1000g)… Earth…the 2 ships that will go formation flying for mutual assisting if there are problems, indestructible structures made of Hexapentas material, awaiting in airport the arrival of passengers… Day 1: zero-speed… THE SHIPS TAKEOFF►…navigation computer places on screen the spacecraft in the center of sphere…spherical\tridimensional\spatial Heading: Deneb… Antimatter rocket engines…ON… Here we go…goooooo!…1g…10g…100g…constant acceleration cruise: 1000g (9.8 kms/sec²)… Inside of living areas (the same as going submerged in water: constant acceleration downwards…less…constant thrust, constant acceleration, from water upwards)…the gravitational transformers, perfectly synchronized with acceleration, running: 1000g constant acceleration toward the floor ↓↓(motors)↓↓…less…999g constant acceleration toward the ceiling ↑↑(gravitational transformers)↑ = 1g constant acceleration toward the floor↓… 8.5 hours: light-speed = 1c…the fusion reactor as an artificial sun illuminating the immense Vital Support Gardens to lowering, from their comfortable apartments, cheerful passage to the pool…the electromagnetic shield anti-radiation…antigravity fields generator run forward, working: light objects away from the path of the ship…and trajectory ship away from the heavy objects…superluminal-speed > 1c… 42.5 hours: reaches hyperluminal-speed = 5c… Day 508: Half Journey…1000 light years…high hyperluminal-speed = 1435.39c… OFF engines…a few minutes of weightlessness during maneuver…the ship rotates 180º around its axis…motors ON again and… ◄STARTS TO BRAKE… Day 1017 (2.79 years): End Path party…2000 light years…zero-speed… The forever young passage of the 1st Immortal Generation (3D Bioprinting…Telomerase…modified Biological Timers…) disembarks at destination: an extra-stellar planet which came errant to orbit of Deneb giant.

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  2. tonyon

    …interplanetary travel (to the asteroid of the end of the world)… asteroid Toutatis…how to move a mass of 40,000 million Tm?… Obviously the chemical rockets they are not able. Only a few nuclear charges will be enough for gives it the shove. At Space, on having not air, there is not expansive wave. Only will arrive to it the radiations, gamma rays, etc, which volatilize the impact surface of those radiations and eject the superficial material as a jet propulsion. Subterranean nuclear charge: destruction of the asteroid. Nuclear charge very near from surface: deflection of the asteroid. If asteroid it is small, as DA-14, perhaps being enough with a single nuclear charge…or less drastic for give thrust them: installing on asteroid a nuclear electric generator. A spatial-catapult, as the aircraft´s carrier deck but with a linear electric motor, some over rails tip cars, or fastened to an endless belt, launching rocks and/or plastic bags filled with ground… A spatial-sling, a revolving tube at high revolutions, rocks entering by the gyration axis and go out by the tube sent away at big speed towards the Space… Thrust by action/reaction for deflecting it with time… If asteroid it is large, as Toutatis, probably would be necessary a few spepped nuclear charges for moving it. War ballistic missiles that there are, they do not are useful (are designed for go away from continent to continent…by inhuman nationalist warriors without future: “their” Nation, “their” Flag, “their” Anthem, “their” Land, “their” Frontiers, “their” Language… World´s around…come on Everybody…♫…No More Wars…No More Nations…No More Frontiers…♫…)… Only can ve useful a rocket that can to put the charge at interplanetary orbit, as the multi-phase which put satellites in geostationary orbit (is necessary have them already prepared in a Spatial-Command with all the nuclear weapons that there are in the World controlled and preserved by a Planetary Organism, only for that)…(“Doomsday asteroid”: W. Cox and H. Chestek). Not only will can deflecting them from their trajectories of collision with Earh, but besides…they will be placed in geostationary orbit (DANGER: END OF THE WORLD IF ASTEROID COLLISIONS WITH EARTH…), for to exploit their wealth of minerals, water, oxygen, nitrogen for the air and agriculture of Vital Support Gardens, etc… They will be utilized as ships, for to travel in them to the Solar System boundaries…as a “buses” fleet, going over there in one and if want to return or go away to other direction awaits the approaching of suitable asteroid to transferring… Drilling asteroids by the center, such as a gyratory without bone olive with 1g centrifugal, with a fusion reactor in the center which it will give the light anf heat as an artificial sun… At to look over there at high…will see to those other cities, rivers, cars, buildings…”downwards head”…

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  3. tonyon

    …space-elevator (orbital station bike wheel-1g)… geostationary orbit, a huge “bike-wheel” is gyrating around its own axis for have 1g-centrifugal. Wheel held in place with 4 CABLES (each cable with a track for Train, for both train´s crossing ↓↑) FORMING THE STRUCTURE OF A RHOMBUS♦ (minor diagonal of rhombus is the gyration-axis of the Station-Wheel)…rhombu´s below, the carbon nanotubes Track towards Earth…rhombu´s above, the Cable towards a higher counterweight with sufficient mass for having very very tense the Track… if…WHEEL´s RADIUS =250 mts… Wheel gyration´s Axis length = rhombu´s minor diagonal = Wheel´s radius = 250 mts… Cable´s length of the rhombu´s side = Wheel diameter = 500 mts. Wheel´s ZONE-1g: habitable length = 1571 mts*50 mts wide*50 mts height, gyrating 360º each 31 seconds, angular-speed = 11.61º/sec, linear-speed (tangential) =182 kms/h… Station-Wheel´s GYRATION: AXIS IN PERPENDICULAR (90º) ORIENTATION TO THE ORBITAL TRAJECTORY…and so, while Station-Wheel follows its geostationary orbit, the Wheel does Not changes the spatial-orientation of its axis, and thus there are Not Precession forces actuating (and thus there is Not collision tendency of the Station-Wheel against the rhombu´s cables… Wheel with maneuver´s tangential-rockets for gyration´s starts, or…gyration emergency stop…and maneuver´s axial-rockets for reorientation of wheel´s axis when orientation of Earth´s axis slightly changes due to nutation, etc…but the system must supporting lateral charges, in the same orbital plane, against Track produced by the Coriolis effect (due Earth´s rotation West→East) when Train goes upwards (←track is shoved bacward, West) or Train goes downwards (track is shoved forward→East) …and so maintaining the Track always without transverse lateral↔movements), the gyroscopic-rigidity contributes for maintaining forever the gyration-axis perpendicular to the orbital trajectory… When the Maglev Train slowly arrives, using now their retractable cogwheels by the Zipper-Track (zippers installed on the same Maglev-Track), Train stops in Geo 0g-Station placed over one extreme of the gyration-axis… Passengers disembark and entering into gyratory circular corridor, they take now the interior-elevator of one of the Wheel´s hollow radius, and tunnel “descending” till Hotel into the final Zone-1g…where while Station-Wheel goes turning, the immense O2 producer Hydroponics Garden receives a filtered Sun light…and there are Earth´s awesome views.

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  4. tonyon

    Those wild inhuman without future: living in golden palaces well fattened and looking elsewhere, meanwhile children perish of hunger in the Third World

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